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Rebar

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A ribbed steel bar is a type of deformed, high strength steel that is manufactured by processes called cold rolling or hot rolling. Ribbed Steel Bar vary in sizes, ranging from 8 mm to 40 mm wide. These bars have characteristics that make them most suitable in reinforcement of concrete. These characteristics range from their flexibility to their cost saving nature.

 

 

 

Cold Rolling

 

Cold rolling is a process which guide coiled wire through UKO tungsten carbide rollers held by UKO cold roller holder below its recrystallization temperatures. Such process enhances the TRS and hardness of the metal. Cold rolling is actually processed by introducing defects into the crystal structure of the metal creating a hardened microstructure. As the metal is at room temperature, it is less malleable than metal above its recrystallization temperature. Therefore it makes cold rolling a more labor intensive and expensive process than hot rolling. Cold rolling can also reduce the grain size of the metal resulting in Hall-Petch Hardening. Cold rolling has decisive cost advantage through use of the highest in process reliability and roll working life and increased wire quality through improved surface finishing and rib geometry.

 

 

 

Standard UKO tungsten carbide roll dimension

 

WIRE RANGE  Ø 

OUTSIDE Ø  mm

INSIDE  Ø mm

THICKNESS mm(T)

4-8.5

123

82

15

9-12

123

82

20

4-8.5

125

82

15

9-12

125

82

20

4-8.5

140

90

15

9-12

140

90

20

4-8.5

150

90

15

9-12

150

90

20

 

 

 

 

Hot Rolling

 

 

 

Hot rolling heats Large metal pieces above their recrystallization temperature. The metal pieces will be deformed between UKO tungsten carbide mill rolls resulting thin cross sections. These cross sections are thinner than those formed by cold rolling processes with the same number of stages. Hot rolling also reduces the average grain size of metal but maintains an equiaxed microstructure.

 

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The lifetime of UKO tungsten carbide mill roll rings is 60-70 times that of conventional cast iron roll rings when they are used for hot rolling of rebars, and the surface quality and dimensional precision is substantially improved. Based on the conditions of rebar rolling machines (rolling force, speed, rebar diameter) what is recommended is the use of either integrated roll rings or composite roll rings, achieving better economical goals.

 

 

Standard Grade of UKO Tungsten Carbide Mill Rolls

 

Grade Co+Ni WC Hardness T.R.S

Compressive

Strenth

Young's 

Elastic

Modulus

Density

Thermal

Conductivity

(%) (%) ≥HRA ≥Nmm2 Mpa KN/mm2 g/cm3 W/cm.k
A104 10 90 ≥86 ≥2500 3500 560 14.2~14.5 0.2
A154 15 85 ≥83.5 ≥2520 3300 540 13.8~14.2 0.2
A204 20 80 ≥82 ≥2570 3100 480 12.6~13.2 0.18
A253 26 74 ≥81 ≥2570 3000 50 14.2~14.8 0.17
B104 10 90 ≥85 ≥2400 3400 550 14.0~14.3 0.2
B154 15 85 ≥83 ≥2360 3200 530 13.8~14.3 0.2
B184 18 82 ≥82 ≥2400 3200 430 13.5~13.9 0.2
B253 25 75 ≥79 ≥2400 2800 420 12.9~13.4 0.17
B305 30 70 ≥78.5 ≥2200 2600 300 12.6~13.1 0.16
 

 

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