The CNC tools selected according to different purposes are also different. Choosing the right CNC cutting tools can not only ensure the stability of the processing, but also improve the processing efficiency. CNC machining centers are widely used in the production of fixtures and molds, mechanical parts processing, handicraft carving, medical device industry manufacturing, and education and training industries. The selected tools are also different for different purposes. As a CNC cutting tools manufacturer, I will introduce several kinds of tools for you to use on different processing occasions.
Face Milling Cutters
Face milling cutters are mainly used in vertical milling machines to process planes and stepped surfaces. The main cutting edge of the face milling cutter is distributed on the cylindrical surface of the milling cutter or the cone surface of the circular machine tool electrical appliance, and the secondary cutting edge is distributed on the end surface of the milling cutter. Face milling cutters can be divided into integral face milling cutters, cemented carbide integrally welded face milling cutters, cemented carbide machine clamp broken face milling cutters, and cemented carbide indexable face milling cutters according to their structure.
Cylindrical Milling Cutters
Cylindrical milling cutters are mainly used on horizontal milling machines to process narrow planes by peripheral milling. Cylindrical milling cutters are generally integral. The material rod of the milling cutter is high-speed steel, the main cutting edge is distributed on the cylindrical surface, and there is no secondary cutting edge. Cylindrical milling cutter has coarse teeth and fine teeth. The rough tooth cylindrical milling cutter has a small number of teeth, high tooth strength, large chip holding space, and a large number of regrind times, which is suitable for rough machining. The fine-tooth cylindrical milling cutter has a large number of teeth, works smoothly, and is suitable for finishing.
Keyway Milling Cutters
Keyway milling cutters are mainly used for processing round-head closed-key high-speed machining center grooves on vertical milling machines. UKO’s machine tool technical experts explained: The milling cutter looks like an end mill, without a center hole on the end face, milling along the tool axial feed, and the helix angle is small, which enhances the strength of the end face teeth. The cutting edge on the face tooth is the main cutting edge, and the cutting edge on the cylindrical surface is the secondary cutting edge. When machining the keyway, feed a small amount in the axial direction of the milling cutter each time, and then feed in the radial direction. Repeat this many times to complete the keyway processing.
End mills are the most widely used milling high-speed machining center cutters in CNC machining centers. It is also the most equipped machining center tool for UKO CNC. It is mainly used for processing grooves, step surfaces and forming surfaces on vertical milling machines. The main cutting edge of the end mill is distributed on the cylindrical surface of the milling cutter, and the secondary cutting edge is distributed on the end face of the milling cutter, and there is a central hole in the center of the end face. Therefore, it is generally not possible to make a feed movement along the radial direction of the milling cutter during milling. The feed movement can only be made in the radial direction of the milling cutter. End mills also have coarse and fine teeth. The coarse-tooth milling cutter has 3-6 teeth, which are generally used for rough machining; the fine-tooth milling cutter has 5-10 teeth, which are suitable for finishing. The diameter range of the end mill is 2-80mm, and its shank has various forms such as straight shank, Morse taper shank and 7:24 taper shank.
In summary, choosing the right CNC cutting tools help you increase the efficiency of the machining center by at least 30%.