Since there are multiple options to combine particular tools and face milling operations, you may need some explanations on how to choose one. Here are some factors to pay attention to while making a decision:
Workload: Some types of face milling operations, like finishing with wiper inserts, suit the manufacturing of large batches of products better. It is correct only when the milling operations go with a combination of proper cutters. General face milling is an ideal option for mixes of small batches of components.
Your particular intent: For example, to remove large amounts of material rapidly and roughly or achieve the highest precision possible. Guide your choice accordingly.
Type of workpieces: In case you ordered castings, be prepared to apply for heavy-duty milling first. But if you have already prepared components, you can go with bare general face milling.
Design of a workpiece: It is highly inadvisable to mill over pre-drilled holes, for example. But the consistency of high feed machining consistency over the surface will severely deteriorate if applied to such a component. Heavy duty and general face milling are less demanding in this aspect.
Design of a finished component and technical requirements: It is frequent that you cannot achieve high precision by using, for example, heavy-duty or high feed milling. So be sure the chosen method meets the requirements set to the finished component’s design. Also, thin-walled components can be produced only by means of general face milling or finishing with wiper inserts (ineffective).
Material of a workpiece: Consider that high feed milling can be performed over the thick sheets of the durable metals by appropriate tooling. So, if you are unsure that a workpiece will withstand increased temperature and pressure, better go with general milling or finishing with wiper inserts.
You can make the decision regarding the choice of a face milling process alone. But do not forget to select an appropriate cutter with a sufficient entering angle as well as per their characteristics above.
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